The study was undertaken to obtain data for developing of a methodology and standard for instruments to evaluate the corrosion rate of steel in concrete structures. Measurements of the polarization resistance of reinforcing steel were made with three devices, two of which operated on the principle of linear polarization with or without signal confinement. The third was based on superimposed current pulses of high and low frequency with signal confinement. Bridges were chosen as representative of three environmental conditions: marine environments regions with mild winters and low use of deicing agents, and regions with cold winters and characterized by extensive use of deicing agents. Measurements procedures were described, and the data obtained were presented on plots of corrosion current (ic) vs corrosion potential (Ec). Values for ic were low almost independent of Ec when Ec was more noble than about -0.25 V (Cu/CuSO4), currents increased as shifted in the negative direction. Values of ic were inversely proportional to concrete resistance. The ic results were discussed in terms of the resistance and moisture content of the concrete. The guard electrode confined signal distribution, with confinement dependent upon the resistivity of the concrete.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- General Materials Science