Electrochemically precipitated struvite effects on extractable nutrients compared with other fertilizer-phosphorus sources

Ryder Anderson, Kristofor Brye, Laszlo Kekedy-Nagy, Lauren Greenlee, Edward Gbur, Trenton Roberts

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7 Scopus citations


Recovery of struvite, or magnesium ammonium phosphate (MgNH4PO4 · 6H2O), from wastewater streams may provide an alternative to traditional P fertilizers. Little research has assessed the behavior of struvite relative to other commercially available, fertilizer-P sources in historically row-cropped soils in the United States. The objective of this study was to evaluate total extractable P and other nutrients from electrochemically (ECST) and chemically precipitated struvite (CPST) compared with triple superphosphate (TSP), diammonium phosphate (DAP), monoammonium phosphate (MAP), and rock phosphate (RP) in a moist-soil incubation without plants using varying soil textures (loam, silt loam, and silty clay loam). A uniform application rate of 24.5 kg total P ha–1 was used for each fertilizer-P source. Soil sampling occurred six times over a 9-mo period (0.5, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 9 mo) to examine the change in soil pH and water-soluble (WS) and Mehlich-3-extractable nutrient concentrations (P, Ca, Mg, and Fe) from their initial levels over time. After 0.5 mo, WS-P concentrations increased the most in the ECST treatment (41.6 mg kg–1), which did not differ from that of DAP. Throughout the remaining 8.5 mo of incubation, WS-P concentrations generally decreased in most treatments but were still greater than the initial level by 9 mo and were often similar among ECST, CPST, MAP, DAP, and TSP treatments. Comparable WS-P concentrations among ECST and MAP, DAP, and TSP under soil conditions near field capacity (∼0.2 g g–1) support struvite's potential as a sustainable fertilizer-P source, thus warranting further investigation of the plant response to struvite use as an alternative fertilizer-P source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere20183
JournalAgrosystems, Geosciences and Environment
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science


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