Carbon fillers, such as carbon nanotubes, have been used to address drawbacks of existing electroactive polymers (EAPs) with varying success. More recently, there has been interest in investigating potential of 2D graphene in improving the actuation response of EAPs, owing to its unique geometry and electrical properties. In our study, the effect of graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets on electromechanical response of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF)-based nanocomposites is studied. We show that incorporating GO produces considerable strain under an applied electric field when processed using a co-solvent approach involving water and N, N dimethylformamide. Starting with GO enables good dispersion and interaction with PVDF and then thermally reducing it in-situ yields EAP with some controllability over the desired properties. A key result is that the extensional strain S11 is quadratic with the electric field, which suggests electric field-induced electrostrictive response. Dielectric relaxation spectroscopy results indicate that the mechanism for the electrostrictive response is due to induced polarization resulting from the enhanced dipolar mobility from polar γ-phase PVDF and reduced GO. Finally, we show that the coefficient of electrostriction depends on the GO content and on the amount of conversion from GO to reduced GO.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)