Electron localization morphologies of growth, deformation, and extrinsic faults of hcp Mg are calculated, yielding quantitative descriptions of charge transfer between atoms in and out of the stacking faults. We provide a physical interpretation of the relation between stacking fault energy and the difference of charge density and electron localization function between fault and non-fault planes and show that the stacking fault energy ascends in the order of growth, deformation, and extrinsic faults and is proportional to the square of the difference of maximum deformation charge density, the difference of maximum electron localization function, and the number of faulted layers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Physics and Astronomy
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry