Electrophysiological and experimental-behavioral approaches to the study of intra-sentential code-switching

Janet G. Van Hell, Carla B. Fernandez, Gerrit Jan Kootstra, Kaitlyn A. Litcofsky, Caitlin Y. Ting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


A hallmark of bilingual language processing is intra-sentential code-switching. An emergent body of research seeks to understand the intricate neural and cognitive mechanisms that underlie this seemingly effortless skill. In this paper, we discuss electrophysiological and experimental-behavioral research approaches that have been used to study intra-sentential code-switching, and illustrate the use of these techniques by discussing a select number of empirical studies. More specifically, we discuss electrophysiological approaches that are used to study the comprehension of visually and auditorily presented code-switched sentences, including the Event-Related brain Potentials (ERPs) method, time-frequency analysis, and approaches to study inter-individual variation in electrophysiological response profiles. This is followed by a discussion of experimental-behavioral techniques to study the comprehension and production of code-switched sentences, including self-paced reading, shadowing, and confederate scripting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-161
Number of pages28
JournalLinguistic Approaches to Bilingualism
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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