Elementary and middle school students conceptions of knowledge, information, and truth

Emily M. Grossnickle, Alexandra List, Patricia A. Alexander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Although the study of epistemic beliefs has received growing interest in the past decades, this research tends to focus on high school and undergraduate students, and does not address beliefs about information and truth, concepts that have been regarded as critical for learners in 21st-century educational contexts. In this study, the authors examined 87 elementary and middle school students beliefs about the definitions of and relations among knowledge, information, and truth through the use of a graphical and justification task, and addressed the consistency of beliefs across contexts and domains. Results indicated that students tended to regard knowledge, information, and truth as interrelated, and the majority of students described their beliefs as consistent across contexts and domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)469-494
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Experimental Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Elementary and middle school students conceptions of knowledge, information, and truth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this