Elioraea tepida, sp. Nov., a moderately thermophilic aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium isolated from the mat community of an alkaline siliceous hot spring in yellowstone national park, WY, USA

Mohit Kumar Saini, Shohei Yoshida, Aswathy Sebastian, Eri Hara, Hideyuki Tamaki, Nathan T. Soulier, Istvan Albert, Satoshi Hanada, Marcus Tank, Donald A. Bryant

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Abstract

Strain MS-P2T was isolated from microbial mats associated with Mushroom Spring, an alkaline siliceous hot spring in Yellowstone National Park, WY, USA. The isolate grows chemoheterotrophically by oxygen-dependent respiration, and light stimulates photoheterotrophic growth under strictly oxic conditions. Strain MS-P2T synthesizes bacteriochlorophyll a and the carotenoid spirilloxanthin. However, photoautotrophic growth did not occur under oxic or anoxic conditions, suggesting that this strain should be classified as an aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium. Strain MS-P2T cells are motile, curved rods about 0.5 to 1.0 µm wide and 1.0 to 1.5 µm long. The optimum growth temperature is 45–50C, and the optimum pH for growth is circum-neutral (pH 7.0–7.5). Sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene revealed that strain MS-P2T is closely related to Elioraea species, members of the class Alphaproteobacteria, with a sequence identity of 96.58 to 98%. The genome of strain MS-P2T is a single circular DNA molecule of 3,367,643 bp with a mol% guanine-plus-cytosine content of 70.6%. Based on phylogenetic, physiological, biochemical, and genomic characteristics, we propose this bacteriochlorophyll a-containing isolate is a new species belonging to the genus Elioraea, with the suggested name Elioraea tepida. The type-strain is strain MS-P2T (= JCM33060T = ATCC TSD-174T).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number80
JournalMicroorganisms
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Virology

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