Elucidating survival and functional outcomes in patients with primary head and neck malignancies treated in academic versus community settings

Karen Y. Choi, Shivam D. Patel, Ciaran Lane, Jacqueline Tucker, Kimberly Chan, Sandeep Pradhan, Sean S. Mahase, Samantha H. Tam, Tonya S. King

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Differences in treatment outcomes between community or academic centers are incompletely understood. Methods: Retrospective review of head and neck cancer patients between 2010 and 2020 in a rural health region. Kaplan–Meier curves and log-rank tests were used to evaluate survival outcomes, along with bivariate and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. Linear regression was used for functional outcomes of tracheotomy and gastrostomy tube dependence. Results: Two hundred and forty-eight patients treated at an academic center were compared with 94 patients treated in community centers. In multivariable analysis, the risk of death (HR = 0.60, p = 0.019), and risk of recurrence were lower (HR = 0.29, p < 0.001) for patients treated in academic centers. Patients treated in community centers had longer gastrostomy tube dependence (p = 0.002). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that treatment at an academic center was associated with a lower risk of recurrence and shorter gastrostomy tube dependence compared to treatment in the community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)398-407
Number of pages10
JournalHead and Neck
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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