Employee Justice Across Cultures: A Meta-Analytic Review

Ruodan Shao, Deborah E. Rupp, Daniel P. Skarlicki, Kisha S. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

176 Scopus citations


This article explores the moderating influence of Hofstede's cultural dimensions (individualism/collectivism, masculinity/femininity, uncertainty avoidance, and power distance) on the relationship between justice perceptions and both supervisor- and employer-related outcomes. The integration of justice theories with Hofstede's national culture typology implies multiple, and potentially competing, propositions regarding the impact of culture on justice effects. To sort out these issues, the authors present meta-analytic findings summarizing data from 495 unique samples, representing over 190,000 employees working in 32 distinct countries and regions. Results indicate that justice effects are strongest among nations associated with individualism, femininity, uncertainty avoidance, and low power distance. The authors discuss these findings in terms of the practice of justice across cultures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-301
Number of pages39
JournalJournal of Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Finance
  • Strategy and Management


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