Employee well-being in organizations: Theoretical model, scale development, and cross-cultural validation

Xiaoming Zheng, Weichun Zhu, Haixia Zhao, Chi Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

245 Scopus citations


In this study, we explore the theoretical model and structural dimensions of employee well-being (EWB) in organizations. Specifically, using both qualitative and quantitative methods, we find that EWB comprises three dimensions: life well-being, workplace well-being, and psychological well-being. We establish the reliability and validity of the newly developed EWB scale through a series of quantitative studies, which indicate that EWB is significantly correlated with affective organizational commitment and job performance based on the data collected from multiple sources at two points in time. We find that EWB has measurement invariance (configural invariance) across Chinese and American contexts. We also discuss the theoretical contributions of these findings to cross-cultural organizational behavior studies, along with the practical implications of our results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-644
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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