Enabling intrusion detection systems with dueling double deep Q-learning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: In this research, the authors demonstrate the advantage of reinforcement learning (RL) based intrusion detection systems (IDS) to solve very complex problems (e.g. selecting input features, considering scarce resources and constrains) that cannot be solved by classical machine learning. The authors include a comparative study to build intrusion detection based on statistical machine learning and representational learning, using knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) Cup99 and Installation Support Center of Expertise (ISCX) 2012. Design/methodology/approach: The methodology applies a data analytics approach, consisting of data exploration and machine learning model training and evaluation. To build a network-based intrusion detection system, the authors apply dueling double deep Q-networks architecture enabled with costly features, k-nearest neighbors (K-NN), support-vector machines (SVM) and convolution neural networks (CNN). Findings: Machine learning-based intrusion detection are trained on historical datasets which lead to model drift and lack of generalization whereas RL is trained with data collected through interactions. RL is bound to learn from its interactions with a stochastic environment in the absence of a training dataset whereas supervised learning simply learns from collected data and require less computational resources. Research limitations/implications: All machine learning models have achieved high accuracy values and performance. One potential reason is that both datasets are simulated, and not realistic. It was not clear whether a validation was ever performed to show that data were collected from real network traffics. Practical implications: The study provides guidelines to implement IDS with classical supervised learning, deep learning and RL. Originality/value: The research applied the dueling double deep Q-networks architecture enabled with costly features to build network-based intrusion detection from network traffics. This research presents a comparative study of reinforcement-based instruction detection with counterparts built with statistical and representational machine learning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-141
Number of pages27
JournalDigital Transformation and Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Aug 22 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Library and Information Sciences

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