A 46-year-old man, status post liver transplantation and taking immunosuppressive medications, was admitted after suffering a generalized seizure. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed two ring-enhancing lesions and treatment was begun for presumed toxoplasmic encephalitis. He was already receiving amphotericin B for a skin lesion suspected to be caused by candidiasis. One day after the seizure, he complained of photophobia in the left eye. Intraocular inflammation and a small infiltrate in the macula were seen. Vision deteriorated over the next three days. Vitreous tap and injection of amphotericin B and vancomycin were performed, but the intraocular inflammation continued to increase. On day 15, a vitrectomy was performed. The vitreous specimen ultimately grew Pseudallescheria boydii. The patient died on hospital day 30 from complications of the brain abscesses. Pseudallescheria boydii should be considered in the differential diagnosis of endophthalmitis, especially in patients with immunosuppression, serious medical disease, or ring-enhancing brain lesions.
|Number of pages
|Ophthalmic Surgery and Lasers
|Published - Jul 28 2001
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