Energetic costs of the winter arboreal microclimate: The gray squirrel in a tree

D. Byman, D. B. Hay, G. S. Bakken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Heated taxidermic mounts of the gray squirrel were used to analyze the thermal environment of a small arboreal endotherm. Changes in the standard operative temperature (Tes) calculated from the temperatures of heated and unheated mounts agreed well with the power consumption (M-E) of mounts on the ground and on the wind-ward side of a 48-cm diameter tree trunk. As wind speed (u) rose and sky solar radiation (Qr) decreased, the windward side of the tree trunk became an increasingly more stressful thermal environment than the leeward side of the trunk or the ground, producing M-E differences of more than 30%. Although the M-E of a ground mount and a limb mount 4 m in the air are dependent on Qras well as u, the ratio of the two value of M-E is independent of Qr, poorly predicted by u and well predicted by u1/2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-122
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Biometeorology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 1988

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


Dive into the research topics of 'Energetic costs of the winter arboreal microclimate: The gray squirrel in a tree'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this