Energy and exergy analysis of Ca(OH)2/CaO dehydration-hydration chemical heat pump system: Effect of reaction temperature

Aman Gupta, Paul D. Armatis, Piyush Sabharwall, Brian M. Fronk, Vivek Utgikar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Thermochemical energy storage (TCES) is based on the principle of employing a reversible chemical reaction for thermal energy storage. TCES is characterized by high energy density and low parasitic heat loss while also offering potential functionality as a chemical heat pump (CHP) to boost temperature. Results of experiments conducted on a Ca(OH)2/CaO TCES system based on reversible dehydration-hydration reactions are reported in this paper. Dehydration of Ca(OH)2 pellets conducted in a thermogravimetric-differential calorimetry analyzer (TGA-DSC) revealed that the optimum heating rate ranges from 10-15 K/min for the decomposition of Ca(OH)2. Repeated dehydration-hydration cycles were conducted in a bench scale reactor system under various reaction conditions. It was found that the temperature rise during hydration reaction was dependent on the extent of conversion during the dehydration process. The energy and exergy efficiencies of the dehydration-hydration cycles were found to range from 76% to 79% and 85% to 91%, respectively. Visual and scanning electron microscopic examinations of the product after each reaction revealed structural changes and formation of cracks in the pellets. These changes did not affect the thermal efficiency of the process. Results of this study provide a foundation for the development of Ca(OH)2/CaO CHPs for large-scale thermal energy storage systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102633
JournalJournal of Energy Storage
StatePublished - Jul 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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