Enhancement of ARM surface meteorological observations during the Fall 1996 Water Vapor Intensive Observation Period

Scott J. Richardson, Michael E. Splitt, Barry M. Lesht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


This work describes in situ moisture sensor comparisons that were performed in conjunction with the first Water Vapor Intensive Observation Period (IOP) conducted at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site during September of 1996. Two Raman lidars, two Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometers, (AERIs), and a suite of 13 microwave radiometers were assembled at the CART site during the IOP, and in situ measurements were used for calibration and verification. In addition, this work was meant to help assess the current observing strategy in an effort to make improvements to the routine continuous measurements. To accomplish these goals, verification of the in situ measurements was required. Therefore, a laboratory intercomparison of the in situ moisture sensors (nine capacitive chip relative humidity sensors and four chilled mirror sensors) was performed at the Oklahoma Mesonet temperature and relative humidity testing and calibration facility. Tests were conducted both before and after the instruments were used in the IOP, making it possible to detect instrument problems prior to the IOP and to determine if instrument failure or drift occurred during the IOP. Preliminary results comparing in situ moisture measurements with remotely sensed atmospheric moisture will be presented and additional applications will be discussed. As a consequence of this work, modifications were made to the ARM CART calibration procedures, and there are now redundant temperature and relative humidity measurements so that sensor drift or calibration errors may be detected. These modifications to the observation and calibration strategy led to improvements in the continuous routine measurements at the ARM CART site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)312-322
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Atmospheric Science


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