Introduction: Neuromuscular ultrasonography (NMUS) is a valuable adjunct to electrodiagnostic testing for the diagnosis of entrapment neuropathy. The aim of this study was to determine whether diagnostic accuracy of NMUS could be enhanced in patients with unilateral ulnar mononeuropathy at the elbow (UNE) by utilizing side-to-side ulnar nerve cross-sectional area (CSA) ratios. Methods: Retrospective case-control analysis of unilateral UNE cases identified cutoff values for elbow segment ulnar nerve maximum CSA (MCSA) of the symptomatic/asymptomatic limb (M ratio), as well as side-to-side ratios comparing MCSA with ipsilateral CSA at the Guyon canal (E/G), middle forearm (E/F), and middle humerus (E/H). Diagnostic accuracy values were calculated. Results: The optimal M-ratio cut-off was 1.22 (sensitivity, 92.9%; specificity, 97.8%; accuracy, 95.4%). Optimal cutoffs for inter-E/G, -E/F, and -E/H ratios were 1.07 (sensitivity, 98%; specificity, 78%; accuracy, 87.7%), 1.11 (sensitivity, 95%; specificity, 80%; accuracy, 87.2%), and 1.18 (sensitivity, 95%; specificity, 93%; accuracy, 94%), respectively. Discussion: The M ratio and inter-E/H ratio exhibited high diagnostic accuracy for unilateral UNE. Prospective studies are needed to compare the accuracy of the new measures with a single MCSA measurement.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Physiology (medical)