Enhancing free-recall rates of individuals with mental retardation

M. T. Carlin, S. A. Soraci, N. A. Dennis, N. A. Chechile, R. C. Loiselle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Generative encoding contexts promote activation of multiple retrieval routes and have been shown to enhance free-recall rates of individuals without mental retardation (Soraci et al., 1994, 1999). The present extension to individuals with mental retardation involved a comparison of two encoding conditions: (a) fade-in, initially presenting pictures out of focus then slowly fading them into focus, and (b) fade-out, presenting pictures clearly then slowly blurring them. Results indicated that free-recall rates were greater for the fade-in items for the individuals with mental retardation and CA-matched comparisons, but not for the MA-matched group. These findings demonstrate the utility of a generative encoding context that does not involve verbal instruction for individuals with and without mental retardation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)314-326+383+385
JournalAmerican Journal on Mental Retardation
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Health Professions(all)


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