ENIGMA brain injury: Framework, challenges, and opportunities

Emily L. Dennis, David Baron, Brenda Bartnik-Olson, Karen Caeyenberghs, Carrie Esopenko, Frank G. Hillary, Kimbra Kenney, Inga K. Koerte, Alexander P. Lin, Andrew R. Mayer, Stefania Mondello, Alexander Olsen, Paul M. Thompson, David F. Tate, Elisabeth A. Wilde

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of disability worldwide, but the heterogeneous nature of TBI with respect to injury severity and health comorbidities make patient outcome difficult to predict. Injury severity accounts for only some of this variance, and a wide range of preinjury, injury-related, and postinjury factors may influence outcome, such as sex, socioeconomic status, injury mechanism, and social support. Neuroimaging research in this area has generally been limited by insufficient sample sizes. Additionally, development of reliable biomarkers of mild TBI or repeated subconcussive impacts has been slow, likely due, in part, to subtle effects of injury and the aforementioned variability. The ENIGMA Consortium has established a framework for global collaboration that has resulted in the largest-ever neuroimaging studies of multiple psychiatric and neurological disorders. Here we describe the organization, recent progress, and future goals of the Brain Injury working group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-166
Number of pages18
JournalHuman Brain Mapping
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'ENIGMA brain injury: Framework, challenges, and opportunities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this