Enzyme Catalysis Causes Fluid Flow, Motility, and Directional Transport on Supported Lipid Bilayers

Aditya Sapre, Niladri Sekhar Mandal, Ambika Somasundar, Ashlesha Bhide, Jiaqi Song, Ali Borhan, Ayusman Sen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The dynamic interplay between the composition of lipid membranes and the behavior of membrane-bound enzymes is critical to the understanding of cellular function and viability, and the design of membrane-based biosensing platforms. While there is a significant body of knowledge about how lipid composition and dynamics affect membrane-bound enzymes, little is known about how enzyme catalysis influences the motility and lateral transport on lipid membranes. Using enzyme-attached lipids in supported bilayers (SLBs), we provide direct evidence of catalysis-induced fluid flow that underlies the observed motility on SLBs. Additionally, by using active enzyme patches, we demonstrate the directional transport of tracer particles on SLBs. As expected, enhancing the membrane viscosity by incorporating cholesterol into the bilayer suppresses the overall movement. These are the first steps in understanding diffusion and transport on lipid membranes due to active, out-of-equilibrium processes that are the hallmark of living systems. In general, our study demonstrates how active enzymes can be used to control diffusion and transport in confined 2-D environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9380-9387
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number7
StatePublished - Feb 21 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science

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