Epidemiological shifts: the emergence of malaria in America

Vasu Bansal, Jaskaran Munjal, Samridhi Lakhanpal, Vasu Gupta, Ashwani Garg, Ripudaman Singh Munjal, Rohit Jain

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Plasmodium is a genus of parasites that comprises different species. The species falciparum, vivax, malariae, ovale, and knowlesi are known to cause a vector-borne illness called malaria, and among these, falciparum is known to cause major complications. The vector, the Anopheles mosquito, is commonly found in warmer regions close to the equator, and hence transmission and numbers of cases tend to be higher in Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Central America. The number of cases of malaria in the United States has remained stable over the years with low transmission rates, and the disease is mostly seen in the population with a recent travel history to endemic regions. The main reason behind this besides the weather conditions is that economically developed countries have eliminated mosquitos. However, there have been reports of locally reported cases with Plasmodium vivax in areas such as Florida and Texas in patients with no known travel history. This paper aims to familiarize US physicians with the pathophysiology, clinical features, and diagnostic modalities of malaria, as well as available treatment options.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)745-750
Number of pages6
JournalBaylor University Medical Center Proceedings
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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