Epitaxial HTS bolometers on silicon for JR detection

D. B. Fenner, Q. Li, W. D. Hamblen, J. Luo, D. G. Hamblen, J. I. Budnick

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Silicon wafers have shown promise for the fabrication of photothermal JR detectors (i.e., bolometers) from epitaxial HTS thin films of YBa2Cu3O(7) (YBCO). Conventional IC-grade wafers, ultrathin wafers, and micromachined-silicon membrane windows in conventional wafers, are all suitable, but the latter provides considerable advantage for bolometer rfrm1 The high thermal conductivity and strength of silicon make it ideal for submicron-thick window designs. Epitaxy in the HTS film is advantageous, since it reduces granular disorder, the primary cause of dark noise (resistance-fluctuations) in the detector. Mid-to-far-JR transparency of Si at 90 K is unique among those substrates that support high-quality epitaxial YBCO films. This Si transparency to JR can be used for various improvements in the optical design of these devices. We review the thermal and optical advantages of silicon substrates, device fabrication issues, and bolometer modeling. Thermal modeling of membrane bolometers indicates that the steady-state temperature-rise profile is nonuniform, but that this does not degrade the response linearity of the bolometer. Certain size limits and trade-offs in the design, will be important in the final device performance. We also discuss applications to FTIR instruments, and extensions of this technology to arrays including a novel on-chip transform spectrometer design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-20
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - May 20 1994
EventHigh-Temperature Superconducting Detectors: Bolometric and Nonbolometric 1994 - Los Angeles, United States
Duration: Jan 23 1994Jan 29 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Epitaxial HTS bolometers on silicon for JR detection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this