Equiaxed dendritic solidification with convection: Part III. Comparisons with NH4Cl-H2O experiments

C. Beckermann, C. Y. Wang

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This third article on equiaxed dendritic solidification is intended to provide experimental validation of the multiphase model developed in part I. Numerical and experimental results are presented for the solidification of a NH4Cl-70 wt pet H2O solution inside a square cavity cooled equally from all sidewalls. The numerical simulations were performed using the numerical procedures developed in part II. The experiments were conducted to measure the temperature histories via thermocouples and to record the images of the solidification.process using a shadowgraph system. Preliminary validity of the multiphase model is demonstrated by the qualitative agreement between the measurements and predictions of cooling curves as well as of the evolution of the crystal sediment bed. In addition, several important features of equiaxed dendritic solidification are identified through this combined experimental and numerical study, including the grain generation and growth behaviors in the presence of liquid flow, the sedimentation of equiaxed crystals, the formation of a crystal sediment bed, and a bottom zone of negative segregation resulting from the countercurrent solid-liquid multiphase flow. Quantitative comparisons between the numerical simulation and experiment reveal several areas for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2784-2795
Number of pages12
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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