Equilibrium states in dynamical systems via geometric measure theory

Vaughn Climenhaga, Yakov Pesin, Agnieszka Zelerowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Given a dynamical system with a uniformly hyperbolic (chaotic) attractor, the physically relevant Sinaĭ-Ruelle-Bowen (SRB) measure can be obtained as the limit of the dynamical evolution of the leaf volume along local unstable manifolds. We extend this geometric construction to the substantially broader class of equilibrium states corresponding to Hölder continuous potentials; these states arise naturally in statistical physics and play a crucial role in studying stochastic behavior of dynamical systems. The key step in our construction is to replace leaf volume with a reference measure that is obtained from a Carathéodory dimension structure via an analogue of the construction of Hausdorff measure. In particular, we give a new proof of existence and uniqueness of equilibrium states that does not use standard techniques based on Markov partitions or the specification property; our approach can be applied to systems that do not have Markov partitions and do not satisfy the specification property.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)569-610
Number of pages42
JournalBulletin of the American Mathematical Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics


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