Equivalent impedance and power analysis of monostable piezoelectric energy harvesters

Chunbo Lan, Yabin Liao, Guobiao Hu, Lihua Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Nonlinearity has been successfully introduced into piezoelectric energy harvesting for power performance enhancement and bandwidth enlargement. While a great deal of emphasis has been placed by researchers on the structural design and broadband effect, this article is motivated to investigate the maximum power of a representative type of nonlinear piezoelectric energy harvesters, that is, monostable piezoelectric energy harvester. An equivalent circuit is proposed to analytically study and explain system behaviors. The effect of nonlinearity is modeled as a nonlinear stiffness element mechanically and a nonlinear capacitive element electrically. Facilitated by the equivalent circuit, closed-form solutions of power limit and critical electromechanical coupling, that is, minimum coupling to reach the power limit, of monostable piezoelectric energy harvesters are obtained, which are used for a clear explanation of the system behavior. Several important conclusions have been drawn from the analytical analysis and validated by numerical simulations. First, given the same level of external excitation, the monostable piezoelectric energy harvester and its linear counterpart are subjected to the same power limit. Second, while the critical coupling of linear piezoelectric energy harvesters depends on the mechanical damping ratio only, it also depends on the vibration excitation and magnetic field for monostable piezoelectric energy harvesters, which can be used to adjust the power performance of the system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1697-1715
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures
Issue number14
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering


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