Ergonomics of hand tools

Andris Freivalds

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Tools are as old as the human race itself. The hands and feet could be considered tools given to the human by nature. However, tools as we know them were developed as extensions of the hands and feet to amplify the range, strength, and effectiveness of these limbs. Thus, the early human, by picking up a stone, could make the fist heavier and harder, producing a more effective blow. Similarly, by using a stick, a longer and stronger arm was created.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOccupational Ergonomics
Subtitle of host publicationPrinciples of Work Design
PublisherCRC Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780203507926
ISBN (Print)9780849318023
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


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