Estimation of missing markers in human motion capture

Guodong Liu, Leonard McMillan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations


Motion capture is a prevalent technique for capturing and analyzing human articulations. A common problem encountered in motion capture is that some marker positions are often missing due to occlusions or ambiguities. Most methods for completing missing markers may quickly become ineffective and produce unsatisfactory results when a significant portion of the markers are missing for extended periods of time. We propose a data-driven, piecewise linear modeling approach to missing marker estimation that is especially beneficial in this scenario. We model motion sequences of a training set with a hierarchy of low-dimensional local linear models characterized by the principal components. For a new sequence with missing markers, we use a pre-trained classifier to identify the most appropriate local linear model for each frame and then recover the missing markers by finding the least squares solutions based on the available marker positions and the principal components of the associated model. Our experimental results demonstrate that our method is efficient in recovering the full-body motion and is robust to heterogeneous motion data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)721-728
Number of pages8
JournalVisual Computer
Issue number9-11
StatePublished - Sep 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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