Estrogen Receptor-β Agonists Modulate T-Lymphocyte Activation and Ameliorate Left Ventricular Remodeling during Chronic Heart Failure

Rachel Rosenzweig, Vinay Kumar, Sahil Gupta, Oscar Bermeo-Blanco, Matthew S. Stratton, Richard J. Gumina, Shyam S. Bansal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Background: CD4+T cells temporally transition from protective to pathological during ischemic heart failure (HF; 8 weeks postmyocardial infarction). Cellular mechanisms mediating this shift are unknown. Methods: RNA-sequencing of cardiac CD4+T cells and flow cytometric analysis of immune cells was conducted. Results: RNA-sequencing of CD4+T cells from the failing hearts of male mice indicated activation of ER (estrogen receptor)-α signaling. Flow cytometric analysis showed that ERα in CD4+T cells decreases significantly at 3-day postmyocardial infarction but increases during HF. To antagonize ERα, we tested a novel ERβ agonist (OSU-ERb-012) to inhibit T cells and blunt left ventricular remodeling. Proliferation assays showed that OSU-ERb-012 dose-dependently inhibited proliferation and proinflammatory cytokine expression in anti-CD3/CD28 stimulated splenic T cells isolated from both the sexes. For in vivo efficacy, 10- to 12-week-old male and ovariectomized female mice were randomized at 4 weeks postmyocardial infarction and treated with either vehicle or drug (60 mg/kg per day; oral). While vehicle-treated HF mice displayed progressive left ventricular dilatation with significantly increased end-systolic and end-diastolic volumes from 4 to 8 weeks postmyocardial infarction, treatment with OSU-ERb-012 significantly blunted these changes and stopped left ventricular remodeling in both the sexes. Reduction in tibia-normalized heart and left ventricular weights, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis further supported these results. Additionally, OSU-ERb-012 treatment selectively inhibited cardiac, splenic, and circulating CD4+T cells without affecting other myeloid and lymphoid cells in the HF mice. Conclusions: Our studies indicate that ERβ agonists and OSU-ERb-012, in particular, could be used as selective immunomodulatory drugs to inhibit CD4+T cells during chronic HF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E008997
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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