Ethno-racial identification in urban Peru

Martín Moreno, R. S. Oropesa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


This study examines ethno-racial identification among urban Peruvians, with special attention to those who are at risk of 'de-Indianizing'. Specifically, we use a nationally representative survey to describe how city residents classify themselves and how self-classifications are associated with primordial and circumstantial characteristics. Consistent with official statistics, a large majority identifies as mestizo. However, the share that self-identifies as indigenous is much smaller than expected from official language-based criteria or from appearance alone. Moreover, identification is rooted in primordial characteristics associated with descent and the family-of-origin's linguistic environment, particularly for those with indigenous ancestries. Identification is also linked to socio-economic circumstances and perceived discrimination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1220-1247
Number of pages28
JournalEthnic and Racial Studies
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science


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