ETOPE: Evolutionary test of predicted exons

Anton Nekrutenko, Wen Yu Chung, Wen Hsiung Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Since a large number of computationally predicted exons are not supported by existing sequence (e.g. ESTs) or experimental (e.g. expression analysis) data they need to be validated by other methods. ETOPE is designed to test computational predictions by using signals that have not been included in any current computational prediction method. The test is based on the ratio of non-synonymous to synonymous substitution rates between sequences from different genomes. It has been previously shown, by empirical data and computer simulation, to be a powerful criterion for identifying protein-coding regions. The ETOPE is available at

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3564-3567
Number of pages4
JournalNucleic acids research
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics


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