Europe 2020 and the European Research Area: the response by three small European countries

G. Steven McMillan, Bastien St-Louislalonde, Frank Bezzina, Debra L. Casey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Both Europe 2020 and the European Research Area initiatives seek to better prepare the European Union (EU) to compete in the future. Towards this end, both programs encourage more scientific publications and international collaboration by the European member-states. The purpose of this research paper is to analyze the smallest EU member-states and their respective universities (Cyprus, Luxembourg, and Malta), and how they have responded to these efforts. Our observation periods are divided between 2005–2010 and 2011–2016 with the latter being after the announcement of Europe 2020 in 2010. Our findings are that all three universities published many more articles in the second period. In addition, two of the universities had higher collaboration scores. However, while more international collaboration is usually associated with a higher impact of articles, our results are somewhat mixed. It seems that smaller countries benefit from international collaboration, but they must not move too far away from any distinctive scientific competences they have already developed. We also provide detailed mapping of the countries with whom the universities collaborated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)495-510
Number of pages16
JournalInnovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Cultural Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


Dive into the research topics of 'Europe 2020 and the European Research Area: the response by three small European countries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this