Introduction: Performance assessment and feedback are critical factors in successful medical simulation-based training. The Dynamic Haptic Robotic Trainer (DHRT) allows residents to practice ultrasound-guided needle insertions during simulated central venous catheterization (CVC) procedures while providing detailed feedback and assessment. A study was performed to examine the effectiveness of the DHRT in training the important skills of needle tip tracking and aspiration and how these skills impact procedural complications in simulated CVC. Methods: The DHRT data were collected for 163 residents at 2 hospitals for 6 simulated needle insertions. Users were given automated feedback on 5 performance metrics, which measure aspiration rate, arterial punctures, punctures through and through the vein, loss of access to the vein, and successful access to the vein. Aspiration rates and tip tracking rates were analyzed to determine their significance in preventing CVC complications and improving performance. Results: Tip tracking rates higher than 40% were 2.3 times more likely to result in successful venous access than rates less than 10%. Similarly, aspiration rates higher than 80% were 2.6 times more likely to result in successful venous access than rates less than 10%. Proper tip tracking and aspiration both reduced mechanical complications. Resident performance improved for all metrics except tip tracking. Conclusions: Proper tip tracking and aspiration both reduced complications and increased the likelihood of success. However, the skill of tip tracking was not effectively learned through practice without feedback. Therefore, ultrasound-guided needle-based procedures, including CVC, can be improved by providing specific feedback to users on their ultrasound usage to track needle insertions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalSimulation in Healthcare
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Education
  • Modeling and Simulation

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