Evaluating the influence of rotor-casing eccentricity on turbine efficiency including time-resolved flow field measurements

T. De Shong Eric, Siroka Shawn Siroka, A. Berdanier Reid, A. Thole Karen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The clearance that exists between the casing and turbine blade tips is one of the key drivers of efficiency in gas turbine engines. For this reason, engine manufacturers utilize precise manufacturing techniques and may employ clearance control systems to minimize tip clearances to reduce associated losses. Despite these efforts, turbines typically exhibit some nominal casing ovality or rotor-casing eccentricity, and changes to blade tip clearance during operation commonly occur due to thermal and mechanical stresses. The present study investigates nonaxisymmetric tip clearance effects by creating a rotor-casing eccentricity in a one-stage axial test turbine operating in a continuous-duration mode at engine relevant conditions with engine representative hardware. A magnetic levitation bearing system was leveraged to move the turbine shaft to vary the rotorcasing eccentricity without test section disassembly. The results of this study indicate that rotor-casing eccentricity does not affect overall turbine efficiency over the range that was tested, but does locally influence efficiency and the rotor exit flow field. Comparisons of flow angle and secondary flow kinetic energy agreed with previous studies and existing analytical methods, respectively. Collectively, these results indicate that tip clearance can be studied locally on an eccentric rotor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTurbomachinery - Axial Flow Turbine Aerodynamics; Deposition, Erosion, Fouling, and Icing
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791884911
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
EventASME Turbo Expo 2021: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Jun 7 2021Jun 11 2021

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo
Volume2B-2021

Conference

ConferenceASME Turbo Expo 2021: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2021
CityVirtual, Online
Period6/7/216/11/21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering

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