Significant variability of raindrop size distributions (DSDs) has been observed in the “21·7” Henan extremely heavy rainfall event (the “21·7” Henan EHR event), while the capability of model to reproduce such complicated heavy rainfall DSDs is yet unclear. This study primarily evaluates the simulated DSDs of multiple microphysics schemes by comparing with the observations from a network of 50 disdrometers. Constrained DSD variability is identified in most schemes that the simulated raindrop mean sizes are gradually restricted around specific values as the growth of heavy rainfall intensity. The schemes are also incapable of reproducing the different raindrop mean sizes from deep convection and shallow convection. Moreover, simulations show unrealistic evolutions of raindrop mean size standard deviations as height declines. By investigating the empirical formula and performing sensitivity experiment, the constrained DSD variability in heavy rainfall is largely blamed on the insufficient parameterizations of the self-collection (breakup) processes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)