Evaluation and evolution of the gang resistance education and training (G.R.E.A.T.) program

F. A. Esbensen, Dana Peterson, Terrance J. Taylor, Adrienne Freng, D. Wayne Osgood, Dena C. Carson, Kristy N. Matsuda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


The Gang Resistance Education and Training (GREAT) program is a gang and delinquency-prevention program delivered by law enforcement officers within a school setting. Originally designed in 1991 by Phoenix-area law enforcement agencies to address local needs, the program quickly spread across the United States. In this article, we describe the evolution of the program and its responsiveness to two independent national evaluations funded by the U.S. National Institute of Justice. The first evaluation revealed little program effect and contributed to a critical review and substantial revision of the G.R.E.A.T. "core" or middle-school curriculum. Preliminary findings from the ongoing second evaluation give an initial indication of the extent to which these changes have resulted in the achievement of G.R.E.A.T. program goals of helping youths to (a) avoid gang membership, violence, and criminal activity; and (b) develop a positive relationship with law enforcement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-70
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of School Violence
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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