Evaluation of a clinically relevant target behavior for analog outcome research

Thomas D. Borkovec, Norman M. Stone, Gerald T. O'Brien, D. G. Kaloupek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

127 Scopus citations


To evaluate a measurement procedure for a clinically relevant analog target behavior (social anxiety), college males (23 socially anxious and 23 nonanxious) were exposed to two brief interactions, 3 wk apart, with a female confederate. Half of each anxiety group was given low-demand-for-imporovement posttest instructions, while half was presented high-demand instruction. The procedure validly discriminated the two anxiety groups on several self-report, behavioral, and heart-rate measures. Demand manipulations had no positive effect on any measure. Physiological arousal was substantial and showed no evidence of habituation from pre- to posttest exposures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-513
Number of pages11
JournalBehavior Therapy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1974

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology


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