Evaluation of a finite element model for dynamic characteristic prediction of a stadium facility

Kelly A. Salyards, Linda M. Hanagan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


The application of dynamic analysis to assembly structures has only recently been implemented to address vibration serviceability concerns and the possibility of dynamic over-loading. These issues are not always adequately addressed by minimum static design loads recommended by building codes, particularly when resonance or near resonance due to the dynamic load is likely. One structure type that is regularly subjected to large dynamic loads is a stadium facility grandstand. The Midland Road stand at the Bradford and Bingley stadium facility in West Yorkshire, England, was recently the subject of experimental modal analysis and remote monitoring during sporting events. This experimental modal analysis generated information about in-service behavior of the structure but a method is required to reasonably predict this behavior prior to construction. With a reasonable prediction of behavior prior to construction, a design can be assessed with respect to vibration serviceability criteria and dynamic overloading and modified if necessary. Several finite element modeling programs offer a method of modal analysis within the software package. These programs can simulate the motion of the structure and generate modal parameters based on the structural model input by the engineer. Software packages, such as SAP2000, STAAD and RAM, are very commonly found in structural engineering firms and would be the primary means used to perform a dynamic analysis on a structure to predict its behavior. A comparison of the modal parameters and motion predicted by a finite element model of the grandstand at Bradford and Bingley stadium to the data collected in field measurements is presented. This type of comparison is useful in understanding the particulars of creating a representative dynamic model and will illustrate the accuracy and challenges that might be expected from a finite element analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIMAC-XXIII
Subtitle of host publicationConference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics - Structural Health Monitoring
StatePublished - 2005
Event23rd Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2005, IMAC-XXIII - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: Jan 31 2005Feb 3 2005

Publication series

NameConference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series
ISSN (Print)2191-5644
ISSN (Electronic)2191-5652


Other23rd Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2005, IMAC-XXIII
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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