Evaluation of a thin-lift nuclear density gauge

Thomas W. Kennedy, Maghsoud Tahmoressi, Mansour Solaimanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


This paper describes the results of a research study to determine the effectiveness of the Troxler Model 4640 thin-lift nuclear density gauge in estimating core densities. The study consisted of obtaining density measurements using cores and the nuclear gauge on seven construction projects and comparing the nuclear to core density readings. Correlation coefficients were determined to indicate the degree of correlation between core and nuclear densities. Linear regression was used to investigate how well the core densities could be predicted from nuclear densities. Using statistical analysis, the ranges of differences between core and nuclear measurements were established for specified confidence levels. Analysis of the data shows that the accuracy of the nuclear gauge is highly material-dependent: The gauge produced acceptable results with limestone mixtures, but it did not preform satisfactorily with mixtures containing siliceous aggregate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-19
Number of pages11
JournalTransportation Research Record
Issue number1217
StatePublished - 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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