Evidence for short or ultrashort loop negative feedback of gonadotropin-releasing hormone secretion

V. Padmanabhan, N. P. Evans, G. E. Dahl, K. L. McFadden, D. T. Mauger, F. J. Karsch

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84 Scopus citations


The present studies tested the hypothesis that either short or ultrashort loop negative feedback regulation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion occurs in the ewe. As part of ongoing studies investigating the regulation of follicle-stimulating-hormone secretion, we obtained the unexpected result that a GnRH antagonist (Nal-Glu) may stimulate GnRH secretion. In that experiment, hypophyseal portal blood was collected from five short-term ovariectomized ewes at 5-min intervals for 6 h before and 6 h after intravenous injection of Nal-Glu (10 μg/kg body weight). An increase in GnRH pulse frequency in association with the blockade of luteinizing hormone (LH) release was evident in 3 of the 5 animals. To determine if an effect of Nal-Glu on episodic GnRH secretion would be more evident in an animal model in which low-frequency pulses of GnRH prevail, the study was repeated in six ewes in the midluteal phase of the estrous cycle and six ovariectomized ewes bearing estradiol and progesterone implants to suppress GnRH release (artificial luteal model). In luteal-phase ewes, administration of Nal-Glu was followed by an increase in GnRH pulse frequency, pulse size and the secretion of GnRH between pulses, and by a blockade of LH release. In ovariectomized ewes treated with estradiol and progesterone, Nal-Glu administration also stimulated GnRH and inhibited LH secretion. Our finding that the GnRH antagonist stimulated GnRH secretion is consistent with the hypothesis that endogenous GnRH may influence its own release via either a short or ultrashort loop feedback mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)248-258
Number of pages11
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1995

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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