Evoked Haptic Sensation in the Hand with Concurrent Non-Invasive Nerve Stimulation

Luis Vargas, Graham Whitehouse, He Huang, Yong Zhu, Xiaogang Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Haptic perception is critical for prosthetic users to control their prosthetic hand intuitively. In this study, we seek to evaluate the haptic perception evoked from concurrent stimulation trains through multiple channels using transcutaneous nerve stimulation. Methods: A 2 × 8 electrode grid was used to deliver current to the median and ulnar nerves in the upper arm. Different electrodes were first selected to activate the sensory axons, which can elicit sensations at different locations of the hand. Charge-balanced bipolar stimulation was then delivered to two sets of electrodes concurrently with a phase delay (dual stimulation) to determine whether the evoked sensation can be constructed from sensations of single stimulation delivered separately at different locations (single stimulation) along the electrode grid. The temporal delay between the two stimulation trains was altered to evaluate potential interference. The short-term stability of the haptic sensation within a testing session was also evaluated. Results: The evoked sensation during dual stimulation was largely a direct summation of the sensation from single stimulations. The delay between the two stimulation locations had minimal effect on the evoked sensations, which was also stable over repeated testing within a session. Conclusion: Our results indicated that the haptic sensations at different regions of the hand can be constructed by combining the response from multiple stimulation trains directly. The interference between stimulations were minimal. Significance: The outcomes will allow us to construct specific haptic sensation patterns when the prosthesis interacts with different objects, which may help improve user embodiment of the prosthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8627974
Pages (from-to)2761-2767
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Evoked Haptic Sensation in the Hand with Concurrent Non-Invasive Nerve Stimulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this