Evolution of microstructure for laser clad fe-cr-mn-c alloys

Jogender Singh, Jyotirmoy Mazumder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The laser surface cladding technique was used to form in situ Fe-Cr-Mn-C alloys on AISI 1016 steel substrate. In this process mixed powders containing Cr, Mn, and C with a ratio of 10:1:1 were delivered using a screw feed, gravity flow carrier gas aided system into the melt pool generated by a 10 kW C02 laser. This technique produced ultrafine microstructure in the cladded alloy. The microstructure of the laser surface cladded region was investigated by optical, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and x-ray microanalysis techniques. Microstructural study showed a high degree of grain refinement and an increase in solid solubility of alloying elements which, in turn, produced a fine distribution of complex types of carbide precipitates in the ferrite matrix because of the high cooling rate. An alloy of this composition does not show any martensitic or retained austenite phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-244
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Oct 21 1986

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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