Surface roughness measurements of machined parts are usually performed off-line after the completion of the machining operation. The objective of this work is to develop a surface roughness prediction method based on the processing of vibration signals during steel end milling operation performed on a vertical CNC machining center. The milling cuts were run under varying conditions (such as the spindle speed, feed rate, and depth of cut). This is a first step in the attempt to develop an online milling process monitoring system. The study presented here involves the analysis of vibration signals using statistical time parameters, frequency spectrum, and time-frequency wavelet decomposition. The analysis resulted in the extraction of 245 features that were used in the evolutionary optimization study to determine optimal cutting conditions based on the measured surface roughness of the milled specimen. Three feature selection methods were used to reduce the extracted feature set to smaller subsets, followed by binarization using two binarization methods. Three evolutionary algorithms—a genetic algorithm, particle swarm optimization and two variants, differential evolution and one of its variants, have been used to identify features that relate to the “best” surface finish measurements. These optimal features can then be related to cutting conditions (cutting speed, feed rate, and axial depth of cut). It is shown that the differential evolution and its variant performed better than the particle swarm optimization and its variants, and both differential evolution and particle swarm optimization perform better than the canonical genetic algorithm. Significant differences are found in the feature selection methods too, but no difference in performance was found between the two binarization methods.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics