Exactness and the kadison-kaplansky conjecture

Paul Baum, Erik Guentner, Rufus Willett

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


We survey results connecting exactness in the sense of C -algebra theory, coarse geometry, geometric group theory, and expander graphs. We summarize the construction of the (in)famous non-exact monster groups whose Cayley graphs contain expanders, following Gromov, Arzhantseva, Delzant, Sapir, and Osajda. We explain how failures of exactness for expanders and these monsters lead to counterexamples to Baum-Connes type conjectures: the recent work of Osajda allows us to give a more streamlined approach than currently exists elsewhere in the literature. We then summarize our work on reformulating the Baum-Connes conjecture using exotic crossed products, and show that many counterexamples to the old conjecture give confirming examples to the reformulated one; our results in this direction are a little stronger than those in our earlier work. Finally, we give an application of the reformulated Baum-Connes conjecture to a version of the Kadison-Kaplansky conjecture on idempotents in group algebras.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationContemporary Mathematics
PublisherAmerican Mathematical Society
Number of pages33
StatePublished - 2016

Publication series

NameContemporary Mathematics
ISSN (Print)0271-4132
ISSN (Electronic)1098-3627

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Mathematics


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