Examining Schizotypal Personality Scales Within and Across Interpersonal Circumplex Surfaces

A. Esin Asan, Aaron L. Pincus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Differing perspectives on the operationalization of schizotypal personality pathology (STPP) have led to numerous multidimensional assessment measures. The current study applied the interpersonal construct validation approach to self-report data from 856 undergraduate students to formally examine the interpersonal content, similarities, and differences in the subscales of four measures of STPP within and across two interpersonal circumplex surfaces using a bootstrapping methodology for computing confidence intervals around circumplex structural summary method parameters. Results suggested that negative-like expressions of STPP are prototypically and distinctively interpersonal constructs associated with cold and socially avoidant interpersonal problems and hypersensitivity to others’ warmth and affection. Positive-like expressions of STPP as assessed by two out of four measures were prototypically and distinctively interpersonal constructs associated with vindictiveness. Across four measures, there was notable overlap in interpersonal correlates among related subscales, suggesting convergent validity. However, subscales containing social anxiety content were associated with more submissive (i.e., socially avoidant) interpersonal problems than subscales without social anxiety content.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2296-2317
Number of pages22
JournalAssessment
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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