Examining the generality of citizens' views on racial profiling in diverse situational contexts

George E. Higgins, Shaun L. Gabbidon, Kareem L. Jordan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


This article examines the generality of citizens' views concerning racial profiling across several contexts. More specifically, the research investigated whether citizens' perceptions regarding the widespread nature of racial profiling and their belief whether this profiling is justified converged when considering the practice in diverse settings, such as during traffic stops, in retail establishments, and at airports. Using data from a nationally representative poll with an oversample of Blacks and Hispanics, the results of the structural equation model analysis supported the supposition that perceptions regarding racial profiling across contexts form one latent construct. The perceptions of airport, traffic stop, and consumer racial profiling-in the context of widespread nature and justification-form two general latent measures. These perceptions differ based on race, age, sex, and income.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1527-1541
Number of pages15
JournalCriminal Justice and Behavior
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law


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