Examining the role of acculturation in e-cigarette use among U.S. immigrant adults

Sunday Azagba, Lingpeng Shan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Evidence suggests that as immigrants’ length of residence in the host country increases, they may integrate their behavior and norms to align with the new community’s cultural norms. The current study examined e-cigarette use among immigrants in the U.S., and whether the length of residence in the U.S. is associated with e-cigarette use among immigrants compared to the native-born population. Data were drawn from the 2014/15 and 2018/19 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey. Multivariable logistic regression was used to compare differences in e-cigarette use between native-born populations and immigrants, when immigrants’ length of residence in the U.S. was considered. Among immigrants, the prevalence of ever and current e-cigarette use increased significantly from 2.5% and 0.5% in 2014/2015 to 3.2% and 0.8% in 2018/2019, respectively. Multivariable analysis showed that immigrants had significantly lower odds of ever e-cigarette use compared to the mainland-born citizen (0–5 years in the U.S., adjusted Odds Ratio (aOR) 0.57, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.46–0.69; 6–10 years, aOR 0.51, 95% CI 0.41–0.63; 11–20 years, aOR 0.45, 95% CI 0.39–0.53; 20+years, aOR 0.68, 95% CI 0.62–0.76). Similar results were found for current e-cigarette use, with immigrants being less likely to be current users. Findings that e-cigarette use among all immigrants—regardless of years living in the U.S.—was consistently lower than among the native-born population run contrary to the notion that as length of stay increases, health behaviors between immigrants and native populations of the host country become similar.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3658
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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