Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the role of vocational rehabilitation services in contributing to the goals of the National HIV/AIDS strategy. Three key research questions are addressed: (a) What is the relationship among factors associated with the use of vocational rehabilitation services for people living with HIV/AIDS? (b) Are the factors associated with use of vocational rehabilitation also associated with access to health care, supplemental employment services and reduced risk of HIV transmission? and (c) What unique role does use of vocational rehabilitation services play in access to health care and HIV prevention? Method: Survey research methods were used to collect data from a broad sample of volunteer respondents who represented diverse racial (37% Black, 37% White, 18% Latino, 7% other), gender (65% male, 34% female, 1% transgender) and sexual orientation (48% heterosexual, 44% gay, 8% bisexual) backgrounds. Results: The fit of the final structural equation model was good (root mean square error of approximation = 0.055), with 90% upper bound of 0.058, Comparative Fit Index = 0.953, TLI = 0.945). Standardized effects with bootstrap confidence intervals are reported. Conclusions: Overall, the findings support the hypothesis that vocational rehabilitation services can play an important role in health and prevention strategies outlined in the National HIV/AIDS strategy.
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