Neurophysiological studies were used to characterize the resistance mechanism in a new cyclodiene‐resistant strain of Drosophila melanogaster. Suction electrode recordings were taken from the peripheral nerves of transected larval central nervous system. Treatment of nerve preparations with 1 mM GABA reduced the spontaneous firing of peripheral nerves. This inhibition was effectively reversed within 10 min by exposing preparations from susceptible insects (Oregon‐R wild type) to 10 μM dieldrin. In contrast, 30 min incubations with 10 μM dieldrin had no effect on preparations from resistant individuals. At 10 μM, picrotoxinin was also effective in antagonizing the action of GABA in susceptible nerve preparations. In recordings from resistant insects (n = 3), picrotoxinin displayed either no antagonism of GABA‐dependent inhibition, weak antagonism of GABA, or hyperexcitation indistinguishable from those of susceptible preparations. These results demonstrate that cyclodiene resistance in the Maryland strain of D. melanogaster is present at the level of the nerve, and that the resistance extends to picrotoxinin, albeit at a reduced level. The possible role of an altered GABA receptor in this resistance is discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology