Expanded HCT-CI Definitions Capture Comorbidity Better for Younger Patients of Allogeneic HCT for Nonmalignant Diseases

Larisa Broglie, Brian D. Friend, Saurabh Chhabra, Brent R. Logan, Caitrin Bupp, Gary Schiller, Bipin N. Savani, Edward Stadtmauer, Allistair A. Abraham, Mahmoud Aljurf, Sherif M. Badawy, Miguel Angel Diaz Perez, Eva C. Guinan, Hasan Hashem, Maxwell M. Krem, Hillard M. Lazarus, Seth J. Rotz, Baldeep Wirk, Jean A. Yared, Marcelo PasquiniMonica S. Thakar, Mohamed L. Sorror

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) can cure many nonmalignant conditions, but concern for morbidity and mortality remains. To help physicians estimate patient-specific transplant mortality risk, the HCT comorbidity index (HCT-CI) is used. However, pediatric physicians use the HCT-CI less frequently than adult counterparts. We used the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research database to expand the HCT-CI comorbidity definitions to be more inclusive of children and adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients, adding history of mechanical ventilation, history of invasive fungal infection, assessment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) by estimated glomerular filtration rate, expanding the definition of obesity, and adding an underweight category. A total of 2815 children and AYAs (<40 years old) who received first allogeneic HCT for nonmalignant diseases from 2008 to 2017 were included to create an expanded youth nonmalignant HCT-CI (expanded ynHCT-CI) and a simplified non-malignant (simplified ynHCT-CI) HCT-CI. The expanded comorbidities occurred frequently—history of mechanical ventilation (9.6%), history of invasive fungal infection (5.9%), mild CKD (12.2%), moderate/severe CKD (2.1%), obesity (10.9%), and underweight (14.5%). Thirty-nine percent of patients had an increase in their comorbidity score using the expanded ynHCT-CI, leading to a redistribution of scores: ynHCT-CI score 0 (35%), 1-2 (36.4%), and ≥3 (28.6%). Patients with an increase in their comorbidity score had an increased hazard of mortality compared to those whose score remained the same (hazard ratio = 1.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.98). Modifications to the HCT-CI can benefit children and AYA patients with nonmalignant diseases, creating a risk assessment tool that is clinically relevant and better captures comorbidity in this younger population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125.e1-125.e9
JournalTransplantation and Cellular Therapy
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology
  • Transplantation

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