Expert Perceptions of Uncertainty Communication in 3D Visualizations of Coastal Hazards

Peter Stempel, Austin Becker, Ellie Nasr-Azadani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Guidance for visualizing coastal hazards has discouraged the use of 3D visualizations be-cause of a lack of experimental testing accounting for their effects on audiences and the potential of these visualizations to be misleading by making outcomes appear more certain than they are. Some experts continue to use model-driven 3D visualizations despite this guidance. We thus conducted a survey to better understand expert perceptions of uncertainty communication related to 3D visualization of storm impacts (flooding and damage to structures). The survey included 115 experts drawn from the Northeast USA. We selected experts with differing levels of familiarity with the visualizations tested, including experts engaged in their creation, to explain how their relationship to the process affects per-ceptions. We found that the experts overwhelmingly support using 3D visualizations for risk communication providing that adequate attribution, labelling, and background is provided to contextualize the visualizations. The evolution of real-world use and practice suggests further research is needed to better understand the audience interpretations of the visualizations and revise expert guidance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)564-573
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Digital Landscape Architecture
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

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