Exploratory Analysis into Reasonable Timeframes for the Provision of Neurosurgical Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Alireza Mansouri, Jerry C. Ku, Kathleen J. Khu, Muhammad R. Mahmud, Cara Sedney, Ahmed Ammar, Bruno L. Godoy, Aram Abbasian, Mark Bernstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Background: In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), 11.8% of the need for neurosurgical care is met. Delays in seeking and receiving care may further exacerbate this situation. Objective analysis of delay and its consequences is contingent on reference to established resource-appropriate acceptable timeframes. This study sought to 1) establish an estimate of the landscape of care provided in LMICs and 2) explore reasonable timeframes for various stages of patient–health care interaction. Methods: Consensus input from neurosurgeons in select LMICs was collected; 1 high-income country was included for comparison. In phase 1, participants were asked to select neurosurgical procedures performed at their centers. In phase 2, based on procedures shared among all LMICs, representative case scenarios were generated and participants provided input on acceptable timeframes for each stage of patient–health care interaction: 1) presentation to health services, 2) diagnosis by primary care physician, 3) referral to neurosurgical specialist care, and 4) definitive neurosurgical management. Results: Twenty neurosurgeons across 18 centers were identified; 12 participated in phase 1 and 7 in phase 2. The range of procedures offered was broad, similar in scope to high-income countries, and included pediatric and adult neurosurgery, trauma, degenerative spine, and hemorrhagic stroke. Acceptable timeframes had wide ranges in certain cases; however, the overall trend showed agreement between the participants. Conclusions: This exploratory analysis identified reasonable timeframes for the provision of neurosurgical care in LMICs. If validated, these data can be used to more objectively assess the prevalence of delay in neurosurgical care in individual LMICs, along with its consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e679-e691
JournalWorld neurosurgery
StatePublished - Sep 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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